At the 19th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 14th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech, standing on the strategic overall situation of the development of the party and the state, and highly summarizing the achievements of China’s science and technology since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Historical changes and achievements, accurately grasp the general trend of science and technology innovation and development, profoundly analyze the situation and tasks faced by China’s science and technology development, and make key arrangements for the goal of building a world science and technology power, and put forward clear requirements. This important speech has great practical significance and far-reaching historical significance for inspiring the majority of science and technology workers to be the leader of the new era of scientific and technological innovation, to mobilize the entire party and the whole society to achieve the goal of building a world of science and technology.
Chemistry, materials, physics and other disciplines rank among the top in the world. Supercomputers have won the crown of the world for 10 consecutive times. The Fuxing high-speed train has taken a crucial step from catching up to leading the way… Over the years, China’s science and technology undertakings have intensified their efforts and accelerated their leapfrogging. Major changes in history, integrity, and pattern, major innovations have emerged, and some frontiers have entered the parallel and leading stage. The scientific and technological strength is in the process of quantitative accumulation and breakthrough in system capacity.
From the perspective of the world’s scientific and technological development, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is reshaping the global innovation map, as well as reshaping the global economic structure. Science and technology have never profoundly affected the country’s future and destiny like today, and it has never been as profoundly affected like today. At present, there are still some outstanding problems in the field of science and technology in China. In particular, compared with the new tasks and requirements put forward by the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, there are many aspects of China’s science and technology in terms of vision, innovation capability, resource allocation, and institutional policies. These aspects exist many uncomfortable points. Now, we have ushered in a historic round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, as well as China’s transformation of development methods. It faces both a rare historical opportunity and a severe challenge of widening the gap. The situation is compelling, the challenge is compelling, and the mission is compelling. The vast number of scientific and technological workers can only grasp the trend, seize the opportunities, face the problems, face the difficulties, aim at the world science and technology frontier, and lead the direction of science and technology development, in order to shoulder the heavy responsibility of history.