Introduction to the application of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering

1Introduction

In the background of the rapid growth of China’s economy and technology level, mechanical and electronic engineering has also been developed rapidly, and it is constantly developing in the direction of mechanization, diversification and intelligence. In this phenomenon, in mechanical and electronic engineering, control engineering has a more significant effect, people pay great attention to mechanical and electronic engineering at the same time, should also improve the development of control engineering, to promote the rapid development of mechanical and electronic engineering industry.

2 mechanical and electronic engineering and control engineering overview

Mechatronics engineering in the literal sense, it has both electronic information, but also has mechanical characteristics. In the process of daily application, mechanical and electronic engineering will involve a large number of disciplines and fields, which not only requires staff to have a strong level of computer module processing, but also needs to have a systematic engineering design ability to ensure that the mechanical and electronic engineering industry gradually develop in the direction of modern intelligence.

Control engineering is a technology that can effectively use network technology to carry out automatic information management of engineering process. Using computer equipment, control engineering technology can simulate various design problems and parameters, and then through the form of computer cloud computing, it can input and output various key information data, account for the final results, so as to effectively solve the problems existing in the operation of the project This can effectively solve the problems in the operation of the project and strictly control the quality of the project.

3 Mechanical and electronic engineering status

In the 1980s, Japan already has an unmanned factory, the development so far, its mechanical and electronic engineering related technology has been very skilled, in the world are in the leading position. China’s current mechanical and electronic engineering time is relatively short, regardless of the level, quantity or grade with the world’s developed countries have a certain gap, which leads to our country is very dependent on the import of mechanical and electronic products, such as CNC machine tools. China’s application ratio of CNC machine tools today is far less than the developed countries to cover the application rate.

At present, China’s mechanical and electronic technology can not meet the needs of existing engineering, mechanical and electronic engineering itself to the intelligence, control of high demand, which must be in mechanical and electronic engineering in the scientific application of control engineering, in the process of engineering practice will be an effective integration of knowledge levels and systems to ensure the in-depth development of the engineering industry. China’s mechanical and electronic engineering is in a period of rapid development, the development prospects are very broad, with the development of science and technology, its theory and technology will certainly have a qualitative leap.

4 control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering application of the advantages

Control engineering technology has strong operability and applicability compared with traditional technology, and at the same time, the design objects in mechanical and electronic engineering are often practical contracts, which can be strategized to achieve the expected goals. Control engineering technology itself is very fast and easy to operate, the spatial structure is simpler, has excellent performance, can help people solve very complex problems, the application of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering can achieve very satisfactory results. Nowadays, control theory is based on spatial linear engineering, which can bring strong technical and theoretical support for mechanical and electronic engineering and achieve the goal of scientific production.

5 Control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering applications

5.1 Application of fuzzy control system

With the rapid development of control technology, fuzzy control is a new technology born in the existing control system, which is often applied in the very simple production process. Mechanical and electronic engineering itself is a very complex project, if the use of traditional technical means to control it, not only the system is very difficult to build, and the final control effect is poor. Fuzzy control belongs to a category of bionics, which is mainly through the behavior of reasoning, is often used for fuzzy phenomena and a complex reasoning, it is also another form of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering, has great potential to effectively deal with fuzzy information generated in mechanical and electronic engineering, the temperature linearity in the process of engineering operation The problem can be solved properly. In this context, fuzzy control engineering has emerged as a reasonable application in mechanical and electrical engineering to make the industrial manufacturing process clearer and to solve problems in the production process. The application of fuzzy control systems does not require precise description of the object, but only the simplest measurement procedures can be used to calculate the optimal output value and control the target perfectly. At the same time, the application of fuzzy control systems in mechanical and electronic engineering can also make programming or procedures simple, thus significantly reducing production difficulties and effectively controlling production input costs, as long as the staff firmly controls the range of technical deviations, it can meet the strict standards of industrial production.

5.2 Application of neural network control system

The neural network control system is built on the basis of biology, which is mainly a number of very simple network neurons for scientific linkage and effective distribution and work, so as to form a network with efficient and intelligent overall. In the process of neural network control system, each network neuron is responsible for different tasks, and by linking them scientifically, a neural network control system with complexity and technology can be obtained.

The neural network system can process the data information with a large number of complex relationships in a targeted and refined way, and the memory effect with strong data information processing is the most important feature of the neural network control system, which can carry out adaptive learning similar to the human memory system. The development direction of neural network control system in mechanical and electronic engineering is mainly regional intelligent development, its application in mechanical and electronic engineering can significantly enhance engineering efficiency, and to ensure the quality, quantity and refinement of engineering products, and if the use of neural network control system in CNC machine tools, can also ensure the effectiveness and safety of the work process.

CNC machine tools themselves are composed of a number of electronic networks, the use of different forms of connection can eventually constitute a cumbersome network interaction system, so that the number of complex data information for proper processing, to complete the function of self-learning and recognition, the birth of data to provide safe and reliable automated equipment security. At the same time, the neural network control system itself contains the efficacy of cutting, combining and cleaning of products, which can effectively reduce the input cost of engineering production and improve the economic efficiency of enterprises.

5.3 Application of intelligent control system

When the development of computer technology and control technology to a certain extent, the intelligent control system in mechanical and electronic engineering is formally put into use to ensure the intelligence of the production process. The intelligent control system can carry out the operation process with human-like thinking pattern, automatically and accurately obtain the relevant data and information, and ensure the intelligence of the production process. The most critical effect of intelligent control system is that it can simulate the control mechanism of the human brain, so that the automatic control system can obtain, organize and analyze the data and information. The application of intelligent control systems in mechanical and electronic engineering can not only significantly improve the efficiency of production work, but also has controllability and standardization compared with manual production, which can ensure the quality of the products produced.

At the same time, when enterprises use intelligent control systems, they can also accurately control the production process, which can greatly reduce labor and material costs and improve economic efficiency while ensuring product quality.

5.4 Predictive control system

The application of predictive control systems in mechanical and electronic engineering can provide accurate control of the final predicted effectiveness, thus ensuring that the products can meet the needs of construction and production. For example, high-speed hydraulic presses, with the significant increase in demand in the engineering industry, people gradually put forward more stringent requirements for the performance of high-speed hydraulic presses themselves, requiring the equipment to significantly increase their own operating speed and can bear a greater load. In this case, enterprises can apply the simulation effect of the predictive control system, the high-speed hydraulic press itself can bear the load of reasonable prediction, while the prediction effect can also be high-speed hydraulic press work process error, controller output function and the impact of overload for scientific calculation, strict control of the equipment work process, minimize the overload or error brought about by the work error, to ensure the normal work of the equipment.

5.5 Flexible robot arm trajectory tracking control system

Flexible robotic arm trajectory tracking control system is the most intuitive embodiment of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering, and also its most critical component. The flexible robot arm has low weight, low material consumption and low energy consumption, and it can realize many difficult and fast movements by using the flexibility between joints, which perfectly realizes the joint operation of man and machine and greatly ensures the safety of staff. Flexible robotic arm trajectory tracking control system usually has two forms of control, fast-variable and slow-variable, because it is a distributed parameter system, so it needs strong coupling. The scientific combination of slow-variable and fast-variable controllers can provide precise control of the flexible robot arm, thus ensuring the smoothness of work.

5.6 Integrated automatic control system

The integrated automatic control system itself has been developed for a long time, and today’s control system is optimized and improved on the original automatic control system. In mechanical and electronic engineering, it is often used in mechanical production and processing, so as to perfectly achieve high efficiency and high standard of automatic mechanical processing process, forming an automated processing line. With the rapid development of science and technology, many engineering enterprises now retain integrated automatic control systems to effectively control the output and input of the program to ensure the high efficiency and quality of the machinery manufacturing process.

5.7 Robust control system

Robust control system is defined as a performance that remains constant under the influence of the external environment, and it is because of this special performance that robust systems are widely used in mechanical and electronic engineering. Especially in the flexible arm system, the robust system can adjust the structure of the system controller, simulate the trajectory of the operation process, and the calculation of compensation control, so as to ensure that the control system can be set to the program and run the trajectory of accurate, strict control.

6 The future development of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering

With the rapid development of science and technology, control engineering industry is now gradually progressing, and has been widely used in various industrial production fields, the application of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering, not only can ensure the stability of the work process, but also can effectively improve the efficiency.

In the future development process, control engineering will become more and more technological and innovative, and will be more widely used in mechanical and electronic engineering, to ensure that their own performance gradually to the direction of practical development. At the same time, control engineering should also develop in the direction of more environmental protection and energy saving, to ensure the harmonious development of industrial industry and ecological environment.

7 Conclusion

In order to comply with the rapid development of science and technology, the application of control engineering in mechanical and electronic engineering is the ultimate trend of social development, which can not only significantly enhance social productivity, but also ensure product quality, reduce costs and ensure the healthy and sustainable development of enterprises. Nowadays, mechanical and electronic engineering is developing rapidly in the direction of intelligence, automation and green, and the application of control engineering can provide reliable technical support and lay a good foundation for its development.

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