Nature, there are so many novelty and mysterious things being worthy to be discovered no matter new species of plants or animals, even some hidden geographic position never being found. However we have to protect nature before we research and discover it by using advanced tools and devices of human being. So by this time let us discuss what is Nature Conservation from its theory and history and so on.
Introduction about Nature Conservation
Nature conservation is the protection of natural environment and natural resources. About the objects of natural protection, someone puts forward 12 aspects concretely below,
- Ensuring the continuous existence of renewable natural resources;
- When natural disasters occur, the state resources avoid to be harmed;
- Conservation of water sources;
- Protection of the place for relaxation and recreation in the wild;
- Maintaining environmental purification capacity;
- Ensuring the balance of natural ecosystems;
- Ensuring diversity of species and development of gene pool;
- Preservation of academic subjects;
- The object of protecting religious worship;
- Protecting native natural landscape and scenic spots;
- Protect the weak;
- Protection of rare animals and plants.
History of Nature Conservation
In the 18th century, the development of agriculture and animal husbandry in Europe reduced the number of virgin forests and accelerated the rate of natural destruction due to the industrial revolution. This prompted people protect nature by taking the form of protecting the region.
In 1872, the United States set up Yellowstone National Park, Yellowstone’s vast primitive areas becoming a national park of permanent conservation. This Park is managed by the National Park Service. It was officially named the National Park for the Conservation of Wildlife and Natural Resources on March 1, 1872, and was listed on the World Natural Heritage List in 1978. This is the first largest national park in the world. Subsequently, various forms of natural reservation were established all over the world.
A European Conference on animal protection in Africa was held in 1900.
In 1913, the first international natural protection organization was established in Bern, Switzerland.
In 1928, the international natural conservation office was set up in Brussels.
In 1948, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the French government jointly initiated a conference to discuss global environmental protection issues and established the International Union of Protection of Nature. The organization was renamed in 1956 as International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.